Why do we have different names of God? When we pray or refer to God it is usually as the Lord, God or our Father. But did you know that God actually refers to Himself in the Bible with other titles? There are many Hebrew names that are linked to the specific circumstances of how God is revealing His power and glory to His people. The Lord’s name stands in for His purpose, reflecting His qualities,character and attributes. For instance, if we are praying for a healing we would use the title Jehovah-Rophe or Jehovah-Rapha,”the Lord God heals”.(Psalm 147:3)God wants to heal not only our sicknesses and physical health but also our emotional health or even our ‘land’ can be healed.

 

‘Rapha’ means restoring something to it’s normal state. Another of the names of God we call on is El Roi. We use this name if we are seeking God to open our eyes and reveal to us that even though men may not see our good deeds, God sees it all. El Roi or “the God of seeing” means God sees the afflictions or suffering of His people and if we humble ourselves and call on Him, He will come to our aid.(Hebrews 2:18)

God is also referred to as the Jehovah-Sabaoth or the Lord of Hosts which is the title of “the Commander to the Angelic Host and the Armies of God”. We may call on Jehovah-Sabaoth if we have lost all hope and are defenseless and in trouble, feeling trapped like we have an army of enemies surrounding us on all sides.(Isaiah 36-37) As you can see, we use the specific names quite frequently to help us in our current circumstances. If we are having difficulties making ends meet we would call on the Jehovah-Jireh or “the Lord will provide”. Because God always provides for our needs at the appropriate time. Abraham named the place on the mountain where he was ready to sacrifice his beloved son Isaac “The Lord will Provide”, because at the last moment God provided a ram to sacrifice in place of Isaac.(Gen 22:1-19)
Most common names of God…More at the end of this list.

Question: “What are the different names of God and what do they mean?”

Answer:Each of the many names of God describes a different aspect of His many-faceted character. Here are some of the better-known names of God in the Bible:

EL, ELOAH: God “mighty, strong, prominent” (Genesis 7:1; Isaiah 9:6) – etymologically, El appears to mean “power,” as in “I have the power to harm you” (Genesis 31:29). El is associated with other qualities, such as integrity (Numbers 23:19), jealousy (Deuteronomy 5:9), and compassion (Nehemiah 9:31), but the root idea of might remains.

ELOHIM: God “Creator, Mighty and Strong” (Genesis 17:7; Jeremiah 31:33) – the plural form of Eloah, which accommodates the doctrine of the Trinity. From the Bible’s first sentence, the superlative nature of God’s power is evident as God (Elohim) speaks the world into existence (Genesis 1:1).

EL SHADDAI: “God Almighty,” “The Mighty One of Jacob” (Genesis 49:24; Psalm 132:2,5) – speaks to God’s ultimate power over all.

ADONAI: “Lord” (Genesis 15:2; Judges 6:15) – used in place of YHWH, which was thought by the Jews to be too sacred to be uttered by sinful men. In the Old Testament, YHWH is more often used in God’s dealings with His people, while Adonai is used more when He deals with the Gentiles.

YHWH / YAHWEH / JEHOVAH: “LORD” (Deuteronomy 6:4; Daniel 9:14) – strictly speaking, the only proper name for God. Translated in English Bibles “LORD” (all capitals) to distinguish it from Adonai, “Lord.” The revelation of the name is first given to Moses “I Am who I Am” (Exodus 3:14). This name specifies an immediacy, a presence. Yahweh is present, accessible, near to those who call on Him for deliverance (Psalm 107:13), forgiveness (Psalm 25:11) and guidance (Psalm 31:3).

YAHWEH-JIREH: “The Lord Will Provide” (Genesis 22:14) – the name memorialized by Abraham when God provided the ram to be sacrificed in place of Isaac.

YAHWEH-RAPHA: “The Lord Who Heals” (Exodus 15:26) – “I am Jehovah who heals you” both in body and soul. In body, by preserving from and curing diseases, and in soul, by pardoning iniquities.

YAHWEH-NISSI: “The Lord Our Banner” (Exodus 17:15), where banner is understood to be a rallying place. This name commemorates the desert victory over the Amalekites in Exodus 17.

YAHWEH-M’KADDESH: “The Lord Who Sanctifies, Makes Holy” (Leviticus 20:8; Ezekiel 37:28) – God makes it clear that He alone, not the law, can cleanse His people and make them holy.

YAHWEH-SHALOM: “The Lord Our Peace” (Judges 6:24) – the name given by Gideon to the altar he built after the Angel of the Lord assured him he would not die as he thought he would after seeing Him.

YAHWEH-ELOHIM: “LORD God” (Genesis 2:4; Psalm 59:5) – a combination of God’s unique name YHWH and the generic “Lord,” signifying that He is the Lord of Lords.

YAHWEH-TSIDKENU: “The Lord Our Righteousness” (Jeremiah 33:16) – As with YHWH-M’Kaddesh, it is God alone who provides righteousness to man, ultimately in the person of His Son, Jesus Christ, who became sin for us “that we might become the Righteousness of God in Him” (2 Corinthians 5:21).

YAHWEH-ROHI: “The Lord Our Shepherd” (Psalm 23:1) – After David pondered his relationship as a shepherd to his sheep, he realized that was exactly the relationship God had with him, and so he declares, “Yahweh-Rohi is my Shepherd. I shall not want” (Psalm 23:1).

YAHWEH-SHAMMAH: “The Lord Is There” (Ezekiel 48:35) – the name ascribed to Jerusalem and the Temple there, indicating that the once-departed glory of the Lord (Ezekiel 8—11) had returned (Ezekiel 44:1-4).

YAHWEH-SABAOTH: “The Lord of Hosts” (Isaiah 1:24; Psalm 46:7) – Hosts means “hordes,” both of angels and of men. He is Lord of the host of heaven and of the inhabitants of the earth, of Jews and Gentiles, of rich and poor, master and slave. The name is expressive of the majesty, power, and authority of God and shows that He is able to accomplish what He determines to do.

EL ELYON: “Most High” (Deuteronomy 26:19) – derived from the Hebrew root for “go up” or “ascend,” so the implication is of that which is the very highest. El Elyon denotes exaltation and speaks of absolute right to lordship.

EL ROI: “God of Seeing” (Genesis 16:13) – the name ascribed to God by Hagar, alone and desperate in the wilderness after being driven out by Sarah (Genesis 16:1-14). When Hagar met the Angel of the Lord, she realized she had seen God Himself in a theophany. She also realized that El Roi saw her in her distress and testified that He is a God who lives and sees all.

EL-OLAM: “Everlasting God” (Psalm 90:1-3) – God’s nature is without beginning or end, free from all constraints of time, and He contains within Himself the very cause of time itself. “From everlasting to everlasting, You are God.”

EL-GIBHOR: “Mighty God” (Isaiah 9:6) – the name describing the Messiah, Christ Jesus, in this prophetic portion of Isaiah. As a powerful and mighty warrior, the Messiah, the Mighty God, will accomplish the destruction of God’s enemies and rule with a rod of iron (Revelation 19:15).

 

Names with Scriptures

ABBA………………………..Romans 8:15

ADVOCATE…………………….I John 2:1 (kjv)

ALMIGHTY…………………….Genesis 17:1

ALPHA……………………….Revelation 22:13

AMEN………………………..Revelation 3:14

ANCIENT OF DAYS………………Daniel 7:9

ANOINTED ONE…………………Psalm 2:2

APOSTLE……………………..Hebrews 3:1

ARM OF THE LORD………………Isaiah 53:1

AUTHOR OF LIFE……………….Acts 3:15

AUTHOR OF OUR FAITH…………..Hebrews 12:2

BEGINNING…………………….Revelation 21:6

BLESSED & HOLY RULER…………..1 Timothy 6:15

BRANCH……………………….Jeremiah 33:15

BREAD OF GOD………………….John 6:33

BREAD OF LIFE…………………John 6:35

BRIDEGROOM……………………Isaiah 62:56

BRIGHT MORNING STAR……………Revelation 22:16

CHIEF SHEPHERD…………………1 Peter 5:4

CHOSEN ONE…………………….Isaiah 42:1

CHRIST………………………..Matthew 22:42

CHRIST OF GOD………………….Luke 9:20

CHRIST THE LORD………………..Luke 2:11

CHRIST, SON OF LIVING GOD……….Matthew 16:16

COMFORTER……………………..John 14:26(kjv)

COMMANDER……………………..Isaiah 55:4

CONSOLATION OF ISRAEL……………Luke 2:25

CONSUMING FIRE………………….Deut. 4:24, Heb. 12:29

CORNERSTONE…………………….Isaiah 28:16

COUNSELOR………………………Isaiah 9:6

CREATOR………………………..1 Peter 4:19

DELIVERER…………………………Romans 11:26

DESIRED OF ALL NATIONS……………..Haggai 2:7

DOOR……………………………..John 10:7(kjv)

END………………………………Revelation 21:6

ETERNAL GOD……………………….Deut. 33:27

EVERLASTING FATHER…………………Isaiah 9:6

FAITHFUL & TRUE……………………Revelation 19:11

FAITHFUL WITNESS…………………..Revelation 1:5

FATHER……………………………Matthew 6:9

FIRSTBORN (3)………………………………….Rom.8:29,Rev.1:5,Col.1:15

FIRSTFRUITS……………………….1 Cor.15:20-23

FOUNDATION………………………..1 Cor. 3:11

FRIEND OF TAX COLLECTORS & SINNERS…..Matthew 11:19

GENTLE WHISPER…………………….1 Kings 19:12

GIFT OF GOD……………………….John 4:10

GLORY OF THE LORD………………….Isaiah 40:5

GOD………………………………Genesis 1:1

GOD ALMIGHTY………………………Genesis 17:1

GOD OVER ALL………………………Romans 9:5

GOD WHO SEES ME……………………Genesis 16:13

GOOD SHEPHERD……………………..John 10:11

GREAT HIGH PRIEST………………….Hebrews 4:14

GREAT SHEPHERD…………………….Hebrews 13:20

GUIDE…………………………….Psalm 48:14

HEAD OF THE BODY…………………..Colossians 1:18

HEAD OF THE CHURCH…………………Ephesians 5:23

HEIR OF ALL THINGS…………………Hebrews 1:2

HIGH PRIEST……………………….Hebrews 3:1

HIGH PRIEST FOREVER………………..Hebrews 6:20

HOLY ONE………………………….Acts 2:27

HOLY ONE OF ISRAEL…………………Isaiah 49:7

HOLY SPIRIT……………………….John 15:26

HOPE……………………………..Titus 2:13

HORN OF SALVATION………………….Luke 1:69

I AM………………………………Exodus 3:14, John 8:58

IMAGE OF GOD……………………….2 Cor. 4:4

IMAGE OF HIS PERSON…………………Hebrews 1:3 (kjv)

IMMANUEL…………………………..Isaiah 7:14

JEALOUS…………………………Exodus 34:14 (kjv)

JEHOVAH…………………………Psalm 83:18 (kjv)

JESUS…………………………..Matthew 1:21

JESUS CHRIST OUR LORD…………….Romans 6:23

JUDGE…………………………..Isaiah 33:22, Acts 10:42

KING……………………………Zechariah 9:9

KING ETERNAL…………………….1 Timothy 1:17

KING OF KINGS……………………1 Timothy 6:15

KING OF THE AGES…………………Revelation 15:3

LAMB OF GOD………………………John 1:29

LAST ADAM………………………..1 Cor. 15:45

LAWGIVER…………………………Isaiah 33:22

LEADER…………………………..Isaiah 55:4

LIFE…………………………….John 14:6

LIGHT OF THE WORLD………………..John 8:12

LIKE AN EAGLE…………………….Deut. 32:11

LILY OF THE VALLEYS……………….Song 2:1

LION OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH…………Revelation 5:5

LIVING STONE……………………..1 Peter 2:4

LIVING WATER……………………..John 4:10

LORD…………………………….John 13:13

LORD GOD ALMIGHTY…………………Revelation 15:3

LORD JESUS CHRIST…………………1 Cor. 15:57

LORD OF ALL………………………Acts 10:36

LORD OF GLORY ……………………1 Cor. 2:8

LORD OF HOSTS…………………….Haggai 1:5

LORD OF LORDS…………………….1 Tim. 6:15

LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS…………..Jeremiah 23:6

LOVE……………………………1 John 4:8

MAN OF SORROWS…………………….Isaiah 53:3

MASTER…………………………….Luke 5:5

MEDIATOR…………………………..1 Timothy 2:5

MERCIFUL GOD……………………….Jeremiah 3:12

MESSENGER OF THE COVENANT…………….Malachi 3:1

MESSIAH…………………………… John 4:25

MIGHTY GOD………………………….Isaiah 9:6

MIGHTY ONE………………………….Isaiah 60:16

NAZARENE……………………………Matthew 2:23

OFFSPRING OF DAVID…………………..Revelation 22:16

OMEGA………………………………Revelation 22:13

ONLY BEGOTTEN SON……………………John 1:18(kjv)

OUR PASSOVER LAMB……………………1 Cor. 5:7

OUR PEACE…………………………..Ephesians 2:14

POTTER……………………………..Isaiah 64:8

POWER OF GOD………………………..1 Cor. 1:24

PRINCE OF PEACE……………………..Isaiah 9:6

PROPHET…………………………….Acts 3:22

PURIFIER……………………………Malachi 3:3

RABBONI (TEACHER)……………………John 20:16

RADIANCE OF GOD’S GLORY………………Heb.1:3

REDEEMER……………………………Job 19:25

REFINER’S FIRE………………………Malachi 3:2

RESURRECTION………………………..John 11:25

RIGHTEOUS ONE……………………….1 John 2:1

ROCK……………………………….1 Cor.10:4

ROOT OF DAVID……………………….Rev. 22:16

ROSE OF SHARON………………………Song 2:1

RULER OF GOD’S CREATION………………Rev. 3:14

RULER OVER KINGS OF EARTH…………….Rev 1:5

RULER OVER ISRAEL……………………Micah 5:2

SAVIOR……………………………..Luke 2:11

SCEPTER OUT OF ISRAEL………………..Numbers 24:17

SEED……………………………….Genesis 3:15

SERVANT…………………………….Isaiah 42:1

SHEPHERD OF OUR SOULS………………..1Peter 2:25

SHIELD……………………………..Genesis 15:1

SON OF DAVID………………………..Matthew 1:1

SON OF GOD………………………….Matthew 27:54

SON OF MAN………………………….Matthew 8:20

SON OF THE MOST HIGH…………………Luke 1:32

SOURCE……………………………..Hebrews 5:9

SPIRIT OF GOD……………………….Genesis 1:2

STAR OUT OF JACOB……………………Numbers 24:17

STONE………………………………1 Peter 2:8

SUN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS…………………Malachi 4:2

TEACHER……………………………..John 13:13

TRUE LIGHT…………………………..John 1:9

TRUE WITNESS…………………………Revelation 3:14

TRUTH……………………………….John 14:6

VINE………………………………..John 15:5

WAY………………………………….John 14:6

WISDOM OF GOD…………………………1 Cor. 1:24

WITNESS………………………………Isaiah 55:4

WONDERFUL…………………………….Isaiah 9:6

WORD…………………………………John 1:1

WORD OF GOD…………………………..Revelation 19:13